The primary purpose of this review is to discover how ADHD impacts athletes and how ADHD symptoms are affected by sports and athletic activities. Medications used to treat ADHD are known to have potential side effects that may negatively affect athletes. Stimulant ADHD medications can also be perceived as having the unfair advantage of enhancing athletic performance. Abuse of stimulants for recreational use and performance improvement is a growing concern. This literature review examines the information that sports regulatory commissions such as the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) have utilized to make decisions around prohibiting stimulant ADHD medications.